The force that drew many men and nations together in the red cross movement was supplied by henry dunant of geneva, switzerland. Encounter w henry dunant biography red cross history. Henri dunant, in full jeanhenri dunant, born may 8, 1828, geneva, switzerlanddied october 30, 1910, heiden, swiss humanitarian, founder of the red cross now red cross and red crescent and the world alliance of young mens christian associations. He was born on the 8th may 1828, in geneva, into a religious, calvinist family that devoted itself to humanitarian and civic values. This day was chosen as it is the birth date of jean henry dunant, the founder of the. The international red cross and red crescent movement started in 1863 and was inspired by swiss businessman henry dunant.
International red cross and red crescent movement history. Durant had a life that was the opposite of the rags to riches story. His parents were jeanjacques dunant and antoinette dunant. Henry dunant hospital center bears the name of the swiss humanitarian and founder of the worldwide red cross movement, as its core values are rooted in the concepts of care, support, solidarity and respect for human dignity. In 1859, a swiss man named henry dunant traveled to a small town in italy called solferino, for a business meeting with napoleon iii ruler of france at the time. He is often spoken of as the founder of the red cross and in one sense of the word he was.
During a business trip in 1859, he was witness to the aftermath of the battle of solferino in modernday italy. The international committee of the red cross icrc is a private humanitarian institution founded in 1863 in geneva, switzerland, in particular by henry dunant and gustave moynier. By 1862, dunant published a book, a memory of solferino, in which he. His character and education impelled him to help the distressed and the unfortunate and to be concerned about social work. Search the history of over 432 billion web pages on the internet.
International committee of the red cross history since the red cross has figured four times in the award of the nobel peace prize 1917, 1944, and 1963, as well as in the award to henri dunant 1901, and has therefore been made the subject of various presentation speeches and nobel lectures which give details of its inception, history, and activities, the following brief summary of its. Jean henri dunant 8 may 1828 30 october 1910, also known as henry dunant, was a swiss businessman and social activist. The 1864 geneva convention was based on dunant s ideas. Jean henri dunant was a swiss businessman and social activist. Instead, moorehead, her argument supported by unprecedented access to private red cross archives in geneva, analyzes the conflicts, issues, and moral. After returning to geneva early in july, dunant decided to write a book about. After witnessing war first hand, the geneva businessman wrote a book that inadvertently gave rise the the largest humanitarian aid society in history. The red cross and the red crescent have been at the service of humanity for more than a century affording protection to those affected by conflict and to those assisting them. He was born into a wealthy home but died in a hospice. Dunant, pouring his money and time into the cause, traveled over most of europe obtaining promises from governments to send representatives.
Dunant also helped write the international charter for. He was on a business trip and happened upon a war field. The following document explains the history of the emblems. In 1859, a battle was raging at the town of solferino in northern italy. He was the visionary, promoter and cofounder of the red cross during a business trip in 1859, dunant was witness to the aftermath of the battle of solferino in modernday italy. Henry dunant has 11 books on goodreads with 809 ratings. Henry dunant s most popular book is a memory of solferino. The beginning of the red cross our history starts with swiss businessman henry dunant s compassion for people fighting on both sides of a war. Henry found himself at the scene of a battle that would change the course of history. This book was written by the founder of the red cross henry dunant. In december 2005, an additional emblem the red crystal was created alongside the red cross and the red crescent.
The date of his birth, 8 may, is celebrated as world red cross and red crescent day. Also the 1864 geneva convention was based on dunant s ideas. The international committee of the red cross was founded on this day in 1863 in geneva, switzerland, inspired by the work of henri dunant. He recorded his memories and experiences in the book a. In 1859, swiss businessman henri dunant began a crusade to provide better. Our belief in the power of kindness can be traced back to the creation of the red cross movement. The red crescent emblem was then used by most of the islamic.
History of red cross henri dunant, founder of red cross. In 1853, he was appointed as an accountant to a subsidiary company in algeria. International red cross and red crescent movement wikipedia. Dunant was the founder of the red cross and in 1901 bec. In dunant s dream, moorehead, a londonbased journalist, presents a scrutinizing yet balanced history of the organization.
The following accounts and works may be consulted in particular. This is a great book of anyone interested in the history of the red cross and the circumstances that let to its creation. Jean henry dunant 1828 1910 founder of the red cross. International red cross day is celebrated each year on may 8 to commemorate the birth of the organizations founder, henry dunant. Good press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre.
The only constants in henry dunant s life were his passion for humanitarianism and the red cross. With its call for an international conference, this committee, in effect, founded the red cross. Henry dunant biography childhood, life achievements. Books by henry dunant author of a memory of solferino. Who is henry dunant download ebook pdf, epub, tuebl, mobi. War, switzerland and the history of the red cross caroline. It is a beautiful history of the red cross and henri dunant. The history of the founding of the red cross is well known and there is abundant literature devoted to it. In 1922, almost a century after his birth, the eighth of may was declared a day dedicated to the international red cross, in this way honoring its founder. Henry dunant or jean henri dunant was a swiss social and peace activist who founded the red cross and was the recipient of the first nobel peace prize along with a french peacemaker frederic passy.
Despite its length, dunant s dream makes no attempt to be comprehensive. His early initiatives included participating in the creation of the young mens christian association ymca in 1852 and the world alliance of ymcas in 1855. Henry dunant project gutenberg selfpublishing ebooks. Henry dunant biographical j ean henry dunant s life may 8, 1828october 30, 1910 is a study in contrasts. The 8th of may is celebrated all over the world as the world red cross and red crescent day, since 1948. It is beautifully illustrated, with photos, maps, and facsimile reproductions of henry dunant s actual documents and letters. On may 8, 1828, swiss businessman and social activist henry dunant was born. Browse the amazon editors picks for the best books of 2019, featuring our. In 1862, dunant wrote and published a book entitled a memory of solferino, which. Though he was successful at some point in his life, he later went from riches to rags.
Dunant s dream was to prevent and alleviate human suffering, without discrimination. The red cross and red crescent movement began on a hot june day in 1859 henry dunant, a swiss banker travelling on business in northern italy, witnessed the aftermath of the battle of solferino a horrifying and bloody conflict between 300,000 soldiers from imperial austria and. Bugnion is a member of the international committee of the. A book he wrote influenced the international committee of the red cross to be formed in 1863.
He recorded his memories and experiences in the book a memory of solferino which inspired the creation of the international committee of the red cross icrc in. Magen david adom joins the red cross movement mda israel. After witnessing war firsthand, the geneva businessman wrote a book that inadvertently gave rise the the largest humanitarian aid society in history. He is best known for the creation of the international committee of the red cross in 1863. The red cross is an international humanitarian network founded in 1863 in. History of red cross henri dunant, founder of red cross jean henri dunant was born in geneva on 8 may 1828. The book is what led to the foundation of international committee of the red cross icrc in 1863. The international committee of the red cross was founded in 1863 by henry dunant and gustave moynier, but the idea came to dunant four years earlier. The history of the international committee of the red. Jean henry dunant the founder of the red cross organization.
The red cross s roots date to 1859, when businessman henry dunant witnessed the bloody aftermath of the battle of solferino in italy, in which there was little medical support for injured soldiers. Its 25member committee has a unique authority under international humanitarian law to protect the life and dignity of the victims of international and internal. Henry dunant developed deep religious beliefs and high morals at an early age. On may 8, 1828, the man who founded the international committee of the red cross, henry dunant, was born. Jean henry dunant was born on 8 may 1828 in geneva to a middleclass calvinist family. Henry dunant simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
The red crosss roots date to 1859, when businessman henry dunant. To know how the red cross movement began, this animation takes us back to 1859 and the battle of solferino. At that time, young jean henry dunant, a swiss businessman, was travelling to italy in search of napoleon iii, the french emperor. The red cross s roots date to 1859, when businessman henry dunant witnessed the bloody aftermath of the battle of solferino in italy, in which there was. History henry dunant a bloody battle in northern italy and henry dunant, a travelling swiss businessman with great vision, were the diverse elements that led to the formation of the red cross and, ultimately, the red cross and red crescent movement. The international red cross and red crescent movement started in 1863 and was inspired by swiss businessman henry dunant the suffering of thousands of men on both sides of the battle of solferino in 1859 upset dunant. But the cool thing is that he learned from the experience and created what would become the international committee of the red cross. Founder of the red cross 1910 on october 30, 1910 henry dunant, the swiss citizen who founded the international committee of the red cross, died at the age of 82. There the swiss businessman henry dunant saw thousands of italian, french and austrian soldiers killing and maiming each other. Henry dunant the reader wiki, reader view of wikipedia. Dunant, an international businessman, found himself on june 24, 1859 in the italian town of soliferno. In one of the cremona hospitals, an italian doctor had said. He was cowinner with frederic passy of the first nobel prize for peace in 1901 an eyewitness of the battle of solferino june 24, 1859.249 419 1448 1233 1107 814 696 585 825 792 42 335 1126 1362 1077 163 1330 955 1342 1185 980 696 1171 890 723 1372 1267 897 144 886 1385 18 155 844 350 625 522 1463 447 1240 1386 366